CSE205 Object Oriented Programming and Data Structures Homework 1 :: 25 pts

CSE205 Object Oriented Programming and Data Structures Homework 1 :: 25 pts
1 Submission Instructions
Create a document using your favorite word processor and type your exercise solutions. At the top of the document be
sure to include your name and the homework assignment number, e.g. HW1. Convert this document into Adobe PDF
format and name the PDF file <asuriteid>.pdf where <asuriteid> is your ASURITE user id (for example, my ASURITE
user id is kburger2 so my file would be named kburger2.pdf). To convert your document into PDF format, Microsoft Office
versions 2008 and newer will export the document into PDF format by selecting the proper menu item from the File
menu. The same is true of Open Office and Libre Office. Otherwise, you may use a freeware PDF converter program, e.g.,
CutePDF is one such program.
Next, create a folder named <asuriteid> and copy <asuriteid>.pdf to that folder. Copy any Java source code files to this
folder (note: Java source code files are the files with a .java file name extension; do not copy the .class files as we do not
need those).
Next, compress the <asuriteid> folder creating a zip archive file named <asuriteid>.zip. Upload <asuriteid>.zip to the
Homework Assignment 1 dropbox by the assignment deadline. The deadline is 11:59pm Wed 26 Mar. Consult the online
syllabus for the late and academic integrity policies.
Note: not all of these exercises will be graded, i.e., random ones will be selected for grading.
2 Learning Objectives
1. Use the Integer and Double wrapper classes.
2. Declare and use ArrayList class objects.
3. Write code to read from, and write to, text files.
4. Write an exception handler for an I/O exception.
5. Write Java classes and instantiate objects of those classes.
6. Read UML class diagrams and convert the diagram into Java classes.
7. Identify and implement dependency, aggregation, inheritance, and composition relationships.
3 ArrayLists
3.1 Write code that creates an ArrayList<Integer> object named list and fills list with these numbers (using one or a
pair of for or while loops):
0 1 2 3 4 0 1 2 3 4
3.2 Consider the ArrayList<Integer> object named list containing these Integers:
list = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0 }
What are the contents of list after this loop completes?
for (int i = 1; i < 10; ++i) {
list.set(i, list.get(i) + list.get(i-1));
}
3.3 Write an enhanced for loop that counts how many numbers in an ArrayList<Integer> object named list are negative.
Print the count after the loop terminates.
3.4 Write a method named arrayListSum() that has one parameter pList which is an object of the class ArrayList
<Integer>. The method shall return the sum of the elements of pList.
3.5 Write a method named named arrayListCreate() that has two int parameters pLen and pInitValue. The method
shall create and return a new ArrayList<Integer> object which has exactly pLen elements. Each element shall be
initialized to pInitValue.
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CSE205 Object Oriented Programming and Data Structures Homework 1 :: 25 pts
3.6 Write a void method named insertName() that has two input parameters: (1) pList which is an object of ArrayList
<String> where each element of pList is a person’s name; and (2) a String object named pName. Assume the names
in pList are sorted into ascending order. The method shall insert pName into pList such that the sort order is
maintained.
3.7 Write a void method named arrayListRemove() which has two parameters: pList is an object of the ArrayList
<Integer> class and pValue is an int. The method shall remove all elements from pList that are equal to pValue.
4 Text File Input/Output
4.1 Explain what happens if you try to open a file for reading that does not exist.
4.2 Explain what happens if you try to open a file for writing that does not exist.
4.3 Name your source code file Hw1_1.java. Write a program that prompts the user for the name of a Java
source code file. The program shall read the source code file and output the contents to a new file named the same
as the input file, but with a .txt file name extension (e.g., if the input file is foo.java then the output file shall be
named foo.java.txt). Each line of the input file shall be numbered with a line number (formatted as shown below) in
the output file. For example, if the user enters Hw1_1.java as the name of the input file and Hw1_1.java contains:
//***************************************************************
// CLASS: Hw1_1 (Hw1_1.java)
//***************************************************************
public class Hw1_1 {
public static void main(String[] pArgs) {
}
public Hw1_1() {
}
}
then the contents of the output file Hw1_1.java.txt would be:
[001] //***************************************************************
[002] // CLASS: Hw1_1 (Hw1_1.java)
[003] //***************************************************************
[004] public class Hw1_1 {
[005] public static void main(String[] pArgs) {
[006] }
[007] public Hw1_1() {
[008] }
[009] }
Hint: to print an integer as shown above in a field of width 3 with leading 0’s use the printf() method with a format
specifier of %03d.
5 Exceptions and Exception Handling
5.1 Explain the difference between throwing an exception and catching an exception, i.e., explain what happens when an
exception is thrown and when one is caught?
5.2 Explain what a checked exception is. Give one example.
5.3 Explain what an unchecked exception is. Give one example.
5.4 Which type of uncaught exceptions must be declared with the throws reserved word in a method header?
5.5 Why don’t you need to declare that your method might throw an IndexOutOfBoundsException?
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CSE205 Object Oriented Programming and Data Structures Homework 1 :: 25 pts
5.6 Is the type of the exception object always the same as the type declared in the catch clause that catches it? If not,
why not?
5.7 What is the purpose of the finally clause? Give an example of how it can be used.
5.8 Which exceptions can the next() and nextInt() methods of the Scanner class throw? Are they checked exceptions or
unchecked exceptions?
6 Objects and Classes
6.1 Explain how an instance method differs from a class method (static method).
6.2 Explain what happens if we write a class named C but do not implement any constructors in C.
6.3 (a) In a static method, it is easy to differentiate between calls to instance methods and calls to static methods. How
do you tell them apart? (b) Why is it not as easy for methods that are called from an instance method?
6.4 Explain what happens when this application runs and why.
public class C {
private int x;
private String s;
public static void main(String[] pArgs) {
new C();
}
public C() {
x = s.length();
System.out.println(“x = ” + x);
}
}
6.5 Write the declaration for a class named C that declares: (1) a private int instance variable named mX; (2) a private
int class variable named mY initialized to 0; (3) a private int class constant named A which is equivalent to 100; (4)
a public int class constant named B which is equivalent to 200; (5) public accessor and mutator methods for mX
named getX() and setX(); (6) public accessor and mutator methods for mY named getY() and setY(); (7) a
constructor that has one int input parameter named pX which calls setX() to initialize mX to pX; (8) a default
constructor that calls C(int) to initialize mX to -1.
6.6 Continuing with the previous exercise, write the declaration for a class named Main that implements the main()
method. Within main() suppose we wish to instantiate a C object named cObj1 calling the default constructor.
Write the code to do this.
6.7 Continuing, write the code to instantiate another C object named cObj2 calling the second constructor to initialize
the mX instance variable to 10.
6.8 Continuing, within main(), are the following statements legal, i.e., do they compile? If so, explain what happens
when the statement is executed. If not, explain why the statement is illegal.
(a) int a1 = C.mX;
(b) int a2 = C.mY;
(c) int a3 = C.A;
(d) int a4 = C.B;
(e) cObj1.C(20);
(f) int a5 = cObj1.getX();
(g) cObj1.setX(20);
(h) cObj2.setX(cObj1.getX());
(i) int a6 = C.getX();
(j) C.setX(20);
(k) int a7 = cObj1.getY();
(l) cObj1.setY(20);
(m) int a8 = C.getY();
(n) C.setY(20);
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CSE205 Object Oriented Programming and Data Structures Homework 1 :: 25 pts
6.9 Continuing, suppose we add these two methods to the declaration of class C. For each assignment statement, if it is
legal (compiles) explain what happens when the statement is executed. For each assignment statement that is illegal
(syntax error) explain why the code is illegal.
public void f() {
mX = 0;
mY = 0;
}
public static void g() {
mX = 0;
mY = 0;
}
7 Object Oriented Design and UML Class Diagrams
7.1 Below is the code for a Java class named C. Draw the UML class diagram that corresponds to this code. There are
several free and open-source tools for drawing UML diagrams. Two reasonably simple and cross-platform (Windows,
Mac, Linux) tools are Umlet (http://www.umlet.com/) and Violet (http://alexdp.free.fr/violetumleditor). I have been
using Umlet for the diagrams I am drawing and I highly recommend it as it is very easy to quickly draw a
nice-looking class diagram. Using Umlet, you can export your diagram as an image file by selecting File | Export
As… on the main menu. I recommend you export the diagram as a .png image and then copy-and paste the .png
image into your word processing document.
public class C {
public static final int CONST1 = 100;
private int mX;
private double mY;
private String mZ;
public C() { this(0, 0, “”); }
public C(int pX, double pY, String pZ) { setX(pX); setY(pY); setZ(pZ); }
public int getX() { return mX; }
public int getY() { return mY; }
private String getZ() { return mZ; }
public void setX(int pX) { mX = pX; }
public void setY(int pY) { mY = pY; }
private void setZ(int pZ) { mZ = pZ; }
}
7.2 On the next page is a UML class diagram that shows several classes that are related in various ways. (a) What type
of class relationship, if any, exists between Course and Roster? If there is a relationship, modify the diagram to
indicate the relationship and label each end of the relationship with a multiplicity. (b) What type of class
relationship, if any, exists between Roster and Student. If there is a relationship, modify the diagram to indicate the
relationship and label each end of the relationship with a multiplicity. (c) What type of class relationship, if any,
exists between Student and UndergradStudent? If there is a relationship, modify the diagram to indicate the
relationship and label each end of the relationship with a multiplicity. (d) What type of class relationship, if any,
exists between Student and GradStudent? If there is a relationship, modify the diagram to indicate the relationship
and label each end of the relationship with a multiplicity. (e) What type of class relationship, if any, exists between
UndergradStudent and GradStudent? If there is a relationship, modify the diagram to indicate the relationship and
label each end of the relationship with a multiplicity.
Note: Draw this diagram in a UML diagramming tool such as Umlet or Violet and copy-and-paste your completed
diagram into your word processing document.
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CSE205 Object Oriented Programming and Data Structures Homework 1 :: 25 pts
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